Photo Credit: FRIED ELLIOTT /

1956 World Championship - Naples, Italy

1956 World Championship - Naples, Italy

The following results are from the Star Logs. In common with the early Logs it is interesting to note that in his results Elder does not give the yacht numbers of the boats which participated in the World's, but only just their names. It was not until the 1950 Log that yacht numbers were included in the results. From 1950 through 1976 both yacht numbers and names were given, but starting with 1977 frequently only yacht numbers were given. The last time both yacht numbers and yacht names were given was 1989.

In later years sometimes fleet designations were omitted. In these cases some of the more obvious fleet designations were supplied. Also from time to time only last names were supplied. First names, where known, were added.

Abbreviations etc: Dsa - Disabled. Dsq - Disqualified. Dns - Did Not Start. Wdr - Withdrew.


No.   Yacht		Skipper		Crew		Fleet		Daily Places		Pts.

3810  Merope III		Ag. Straulino	Nicolo Rode	Se-Ve-Ta	 5   1   8   3   4	279

2920  North Star II	Lowell North	James B. Hill	San Diego	 3   7   2   9   2	277

3076  Kurush IV		A. de Cardenas	J. de Cardenas	Mariano		 2  14  10   2   1	271

3332  Caprice		Robt. Ciappa	Carlo Rolandi	Capri		14   9   5   1   3	268

3130  Gale		Harry Nye Jr	R. S. Halperin	S.L.M.		 1  10   4   5  10	267

2958  Merope I		Ant. Consentino	Neri Stelle	Ischia		 4   2   9  13   7	265

3430  Faneca		Duarte Bello	Jose Bustorf	Cascais		10  15   1   4   9	261

3742  Anin		C. W. Lyon Jr	Frank Lyon	At. High	12   4   6   6  12	260

3490  Gam II		Ph. Chancecel	Mich. Parent	Seine		11   5  11  19   6	248

3342  Mari		Sune Carlsson	O. Carlsson	Rasta		 9   8  14  10  13	246

3080  Clementine IV	Harry H. Adler	L. C. P. Ramos	Salvador	13  11   3   7  43	223

3747  Conch II		Foster Clarke	Roy Cole	Nassau		21  24   7   5  21	222

3171  Frip		Georges Pisani	N. Desaublizuz	Angers		 8  19  16  25  11	221

3376  Kurush IV		C. de Cardenas	C. Cardenas Jr	Havana		 6  32  12  26   5	219

3401  Nuvola Rossa	Dario Salata	Giu. Barano	Lario		17  12  24  18  16	213

3365  Katia II		Michel Gautier	L. Domerc	Safi		16  29  15  11  14	211

3070  Espadarte II	J. de M. Fiuza	Fern. Pessoa	Lisbon		15   3  13  11  wdr	198

3655  Ma' Lindo		Mario Quina	Miguel Quina	V. Franca	27  13  35  12  27	186

3675  Ta Fatt		Jacob Engwall	B. Carlsson	Gefle		23  25  21  23  24	184

3172  Candide		Albert Debarge	Jean Peytel	Arcachon	37  18  18  21  31	175

3736  Mechtild		Josef Pankofer	Hans G. Link	Starnberg	33  31  29  28   8	171

3817  Tupi		Jorge F. Geyer	J. L. Pimental	S. Paulo	38  16  22  39  17	168

3724  Tscha-Tscha	C. E. Burkhard	F. Portier	Rappers		35  36  26  20  15	166

3470  Iris III		W. von HütschlerJean Crespin	Rio de J.	19  41  36  14  30	160

3744  Scylla		Chas. Ulmer	Herby Hild	E. River	28  37  17  34  28	156

3792  Vesania		de Sangro Fondi	Gen. de Luca	Pen. Sorr.	 7  30  wdr 29  18	156

3567  Atair		Jan Borh	Charly Joos	Zuerich		24  21  28  48  25	154

3508  Hux Flux IV	Bertil Nylund	Lars Stensico	Stockholm	30  57  20  20  29	144

3327  Anna I		Carlo Boselli	Livio Sangulin	Alto Lario	18  26  27  30  dsq	139

3459  Arlu III		Nanni Porro	R. Manars	Lecco		29  43  38  33  22	135

3349  Castore III	F. Romanello	G. de Gaetano	Se-Ve-Na	25  dsq 30  35  19	131

3633  Itri		Claude Metral	Henri Rungs	Rabat		31  30  31  37  20	131

3440  Shitane		Maur Violette	Geo. Olivier	S. et Oise	40  40  34  17  41	128

3644  Zwente Bold	Hans D. Wagner	Eb. Hoesch	Chiemsee	42  38  43  24  26	127

3680  Bu II		T. T. de Paula	C. A. de Brita	Dist Fed	26  27  19  wdr 45	123

3233  Asterope		Aldo Moscovita	Mario Mioni	Trieste		20  55  40  32  26	117

2571  Capucho IV		Joao Capucho	Antonio Maia	Setubal		32  35  41  16  wdr	116

3191  Melody		Paul H. Smart	Maarschalken	CLIS		44  33  25  46  37	115

3043  Luti		Luise Castro	M. Maneres	Porto		49  23  49  44  23	112

3822  Ali Baba V		Hans Bryner	Urs Bucher	Lugano		48   6  47  49  39	111

3384  Vega VI		Fred. Mercier	D. Benard	Villefr		41  22  dsq 27  40	110

3351  Tornado		Franco Arditi	Giorgio Marra	Leuca		50  45  32  31  32	110

3629  Cheri II		Bruno Tomasoni	Bruno Dequal	Garda		36  39  39  42  34	110

3371  Aloha VI		Yves Lorion	Rocco Jemma	Algiers		52  17  51  50  35	 95

3404  Twinkle		J. Roy Mitchell	Jean Mitchell	Norfolk		34  49  37  38  49	 93

3457  Danaldo		P. Migliaccio	G. B. Leone	Napoli		wdr 20  23  wdr 47	 90

3395  Tichiboo		Prince Bira	Guy Dagonnot	Cannes		wdr 42  44  36  33	 85

3703  Andiola		Gualtiero Corsi	S. Bugliani	Carara		46  28  45  52  48	 81

3142  Polluce II		Rob. Palombieri	Fr. Lapanje	Se-Ve-Spe	22  34  dsq 53  50	 81

3465  Nababbo II		Ott. Danelon	Ant. Martinoli	Monfalc.	41  51  33  51  44	 76

3702  Asrid		C. Frugoli Jr	E. Amatuzzo	Lunense		54  44  42  43  42	 71

3318  Fuzzy		George Dehio	Chr. Berglund	Kattegat	51  53  46  41  38	 71

3442  Ito		L. Barbier	Fr. Carvallo	Fedala		43  46  50  40  wdr	 61

2599  Faneca		A. Bizzarro	A. Filippone	Formia		39  48  wdr 47  46	 60

3111  Guapa II		Mario Rivelli	R. Camardella	Genova		53  52  48  45  wdr	 42

2477  Mira II		Albino Gargiuli	A. Cicilisni	Ponza		56  54  52  55  51	 32

3108  Furia		Gino Serafini	O. Raimondi	Bas. Adr.	47  47  dsq dnf dnf	 26

2377  Meteor		F. D McCarthy	Al Bragdon	Boston		wdr 56  53  54  dnf	 17

3305  Sabrina		Ottavio Puleo	M Masturzo	Palermo		55  wdr dns dns dns	  5

1956 WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP Naples, Regatta Report
from the 1957 Star Class Log by Charles E. Lucke, Jr.

When you come right down to it, no one has a record like that of Agostino Straulino, the 1956 World's Champion. He is the only man ever to have won the Gold Star three times; he is the only skipper credited with nine Silver Stars, and eight of these represent the last eight consecutive European Championships, all with huge entry lists; and he has won the Championship of Italy eleven times, including the last nine consecutively. His ten straight daily firsts in the 1955 Italian and European Championships rocked the Class. 

He didn't do that in 1956, but he did win both series and then went on to win the World's. If you've had time to catch your breath, we'll continue. Nico Rode, Straulino's faithful crew for twenty years, certainly deserves his share of the credit for all this. And in all fairness to the other contestants it must be admitted that the 1956 Gold and Silver Star victories were exceedingly close ones. Merope won the World's by only two points over Lowell North's North Star, and took the European by one point from Duarte Bello, who has been knocking at the door of both these big series for years (he was runner-up to Straulino in the 1954 European, again by only one point.)

We have obtained permission from the Skipper Magazine and the kind consent of the author to reprint the report, which originally appeared in that publication last fall. It seems fitting that this section should be written by a former editor of the LOG, who was also a member of Beppe Croce's hard-working International Race Committee, having traveled to Italy from the U.S. for the express purpose.

American sailors almost brought the Star World's Championship back to the United States in the fabulous series sailed on the pellucid Bay of Naples in September 1956. On the last weather leg of the final race, however, Captain Agostino Straulino of the Italian Navy and his crew Nicolo Rode came miraculously from far in the rear to pass enough boats to take fourth place and clinch his third Gold Star.

Photo: 1957 Log: North Star II, runner-up, 1956 World's Championship. Lowell is sitting on the boom- always tinkering. Jim Hill, his crew, is at the helm.

Lowell North and Jim Hill of the San Diego, California, fleet, who would have won the series had the final race ended at the first round, had to settle for the runner-up spot after seemingly having the series in the bag.

More Stars raced in the series than in any previous championship. A total of sixty-four had officially entered but at the last minute three Italian and two Yugoslav entries were scratched. On the starting line were 59 boats, topping the previous 49 starting record at Gibson Island in Maryland in 1951. Each of the 13 nations represented had strong contingents and until the very finish of the finale it was a wide-open series.

The winners of the daily races were well distributed without a single double winner. Harry Nye of Chicago, twice a Star champion, took the opener; Straulino, the second race; Duarte Bello of Portugal, the third; Robert Ciappa of Italy, the fourth; and Alvaro de Cardenas, of Cuba, the finale. To indicate how rugged the competition was, defending Champion Charlie de Cardenas, the unbeatable winner in 1954 and 1955, placed fourteenth at Naples.

Racing conditions were nearly ideal for Stars with little sea and light to moderate breezes from the southwest. The scenery was breathtaking. The course lay just off fabled Naples with Vesuvius on one side and the panoramic islands of Capri and Ischia as a background. Hordes of Italian and French girls in the briefest of brief well-filled Bikinis dashed along the course edges in motorboats, cheering their favorites.

The breeze was deceptive in its shifts and there was always a right and a wrong place to tack. It was rarely the same from one lap to the next. Nobody guessed it right all the time, but Straulino did the best job of it and certainly deserved to win the series.

Due to the unwieldy size of the fleet there was at least one protest every day. The language difficulties at the protest hearings turned those sessions into something akin to the Tower of Babel. For example, after the third race there was a protest by an Algerian against an Italian entry with the usual counter-protest. Their versions of the facts conflicted. The only witness was a German skipper who spoke only his native tongue. So the International Race Committee had a Dutch interpreter translate from German into Italian and thence into English, so that the case could be resolved.

First Three Races
The first race, in moderate air over the windward-leeward route, saw Nye take a dangerous start under the lee of the committee boat to establish an early lead. Upwind he was out-tacked by North, Georges Pisani of France, Antonio Consentino of Italy, Fiuza of Portugal and Straulino, as they rounded in that order with Nye sixth. On the first run Nye passed all of these skippers and come out with a nice lead which he held right to the finishing gun. The three-way battle for second was decided on the second round with North doing the best to weather but poorly downwind. He took third behind Alvaro de Cardenas while Cosentino nosed out Straulino.

Since there was a shifty five-mile breeze, a twice-around triangle was set for the second race. The shifts were tricky, but the native sailors played them right as Consentino led Straulino at the weather mark and Philippe Chancerel of France took third over North and Bill Lyon of New Jersey. Downwind, North slipped back and Lyon advanced to fourth. On the much fresher wind the second time up, Straulino took Consentino while Fiuza passed Lyon and Chancerel. Positions did not change on the reaches to the finish. Nye was back in fourteenth spot. That night the scoreboard read: Merope I and Merope III, 114 each; North Star II 110; Gale 109; Anin, Gam and Kurush IV each 104.

A windward and leeward course for the third race in a fourteen-mile breeze saw Harry Adler of Brazil out sail Bello to windward, with North Star third and run Anin fourth. Bello and Adler exchanged positions on the run with North holding his third, Ciappa fourth and Foster Clarke of Nassau fifth. On the second beat there was no change among the leaders but Lyon rounded ahead of Clarke, de Cardenas and Nye. At the finish it was Duarte Bello first, a habit he has acquired in World's Championship races almost regularly once a year; Lowell North second, to lead the score at this stage and win the Vanderveer Trophy; then Adler, Nye and Ciappa.

Last Two Races
After rest day, the fourth race was sailed over the triangular route in an eight-mile sou'wester. There was a bad jam at the leeward end of the long starting line with too many boats early and no place to go. Three were recalled. To windward, Ciappa led de Cardenas, Adler, Bello and Straulino. On the reaches Adler dropped behind Bello and Straulino, the leaders meanwhile retaining first and second. Three Americans, Nye, Lyon and North, picked up many places to get back into the race. On the second round Ciappa held his lead all the way to the finish ahead of de Cardenas, Straulino, Bello and Clarke, with Lyon sixth and Adler dropping to seventh, just ahead of Nye. When the usual protests were settled and the scores totaled, American hopes were high with three of the first four places. The standings with one race to go were: Straulino 223, North 219, Nye 217, Lyon, de Cardenas, and Cosentino 212, Ciappa 211, Bello 210.

Upwind in the finale on a triangle, which was twice postponed waiting for the wind to settle, Ciappa led Alvaro de Cardenas with North third and defending champion Charlie de Cardenas fourth. Straulino was back in tenth. If North could hold it, he was in. On the reaches Alvaro worked out over Ciappa while North held his third over Dad de Cardenas. Nye was sixth, while Bello, Chancerel and Fiuza still had the edge on Straulino. By the final beat the wind shifted, freshened, and then near the weather mark softened. Alvaro held his lead upwind and North worked out to second place over Ciappa. But Straulino, by playing it just exactly right upwind, bottled up to fourth, passing the elder de Cardenas, Nye, Bello and Fiuza to become the first three-time World's Champion in the forty-five year history of the Stars. The winner's average daily place was 4.2 out of 59 boats.

The 1957 series cannot be held in Italy under Star rules. The points piled up over the past three years by Alvaro and Jorge de Cardenas under the (old) system, still valid for 1957; take the event back to Havana in November of this year.

world championship